Unexplained price drop alert
Unexplained price drop alert
Stroke, or stroke, has become the leading cause of death in hypertension, and its morbidity and mortality are on the rise, seriously jeopardizing the health and life of middle-aged and elderly people.
It is estimated that there are about 2 million new cases each year in stroke, more than 1.5 million deaths per year from stroke, and about 6 million to 7 million survivors after stroke.
About 75%-80% of surviving patients will have different degrees of disability, with severe disability exceeding 40%.
About 1/4 to 1/3 may be repeated in 2 to 5 years.
銆€銆€According to the data of Shenzhen Stroke Monitoring System, in the past 10 years, Shenzhen Complications Medical Institutions monitored a total of 12,769 strokes, and the incidence of stroke increased by 10% per year. Most patients were accompanied by hypertension.disease.
Experts pointed out that high blood pressure, diabetes, high blood lipids, etc. are the main factors inducing stroke, screening for risk factors in high-risk groups, and alerting to pre-stroke signals to prevent or prevent strokes.
銆€銆€The cause of the disease is three high. It is the first stroke of Quebec, also called stroke. It is a general term for acute cerebrovascular disease. It is a type of disease that suddenly falls down, is unconscious, accompanied by skewed mouth, and has unfavorable language and half-length is the main symptom.
It is caused by sudden rupture of blood vessels in the brain or brain damage caused by vascular implants and lack of oxygen.
Clinically divided into two major categories of hemorrhagic and fracture.
銆€銆€Hemorrhagic stroke includes clinically diagnosed cerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Patients with cerebral hemorrhage often have symptoms such as correction, repeated episodes, hemiplegia and even coma.
The most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage is caused by rupture of intracranial aneurysm or rupture of cerebral vascular malformation. The general incidence is more acute, headache, mostly in young and middle-aged.
Diagnostic classification nouns commonly used in large-scale stroke clinical, including cerebral infarction (or cerebral infarction), cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism.
The general symptoms of fractures are mild, and the inpatients are conscious, with symptoms of hemiplegia or weakness, difficulty in speech, and numbness in the limbs.
銆€銆€鈥淭hree highs鈥?, obesity and smoking are considered risk factors for stroke.
“Hypertension is the cause, stroke is the consequence, and blood pressure is directly proportional to the incidence and mortality of stroke.
Yang Guoan, deputy director of the Shenzhen Health Education and Promotion Center, said that hypertension reduces the tension of blood vessels, which means that the blood vessels are 鈥渢ightened鈥? After a long time, the elastic fibers of the blood vessel wall will break, causing damage to the blood vessel wall.The lipid substance in the blood easily penetrates into the inner membrane of the blood vessel wall, which causes the cerebral artery to lose its elasticity, the arterial intima is damaged, the arteriosclerosis is formed, the artery becomes hard, becomes brittle, and the lumen narrows.
When the patient’s blood pressure suddenly rises, it is easy to cause a stroke.
銆€銆€Diabetes is one of the predisposing factors for stroke diseases.
According to reports, the incidence of arteriosclerosis in diabetic patients is five times higher than that of normal people. Because insulin deficiency in diabetes patients causes glucose to be converted into pregnant women, the storage of glucose is reduced, and a large number of pregnant women are decomposed into triglycerides and free fatty acids, especiallyThe increase in diabetes is more pronounced, resulting in hyperlipidemia and accelerated arteriosclerosis in diabetic patients.
銆€銆€For patients with hyperlipidemia, if the blood lipids are too much, it is easy to cause “blood thickening”, depositing on the blood vessel wall, and gradually forming small plaques, which is often called “atherosclerosis”.
“These ‘plaques’ increase, increase, gradually increase blood vessels, slow blood flow, severe blood flow is interrupted, occurs in the brain, there will be an expansionary stroke.
Yang Guoan said.
銆€銆€Clinical observations have found that obese people have a 40% higher chance of developing a stroke than the average person.
Why are fat people prone to stroke?
Yang Guoan said that this is related to the disorder of endocrine and metabolic functions of obese people, blood plasma, triglyceride increase, and high density lipoprotein decrease.
In addition, fat people are often accompanied by diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease and other diseases, these are risk factors for stroke.
In addition, smoking is also a dangerous factor.
According to statistics, about 20% of patients with cerebrovascular disease smoke can cause a stroke.
Tobacco contains a lot of nicotine. Nicotine can reduce people’s body weight and loss of appetite, but at the same time, resistance to resistance and increased cortisol, which are factors that cause blood pressure and blood pressure to rise, eventually leading to stroke.
銆€銆€The onset signal Although the stroke suddenly occurred in an instant, a large number of clinical experience has shown that only a few patients have no signs before the stroke, resulting in patients with various signals issued by the brain’s instantaneous contraction.
Excessive patients will have dizziness before the stroke, sudden blackening of the eyes, unexplained falls, numbness and other signals, and often these signals are easily ignored.
銆€銆€Unexplained price decline caused by the warning of stroke in middle-aged and elderly people, there will be repeated dizziness, sudden feeling dizzy, visual rotation, return to normal after a few seconds, may be transient cerebral hemorrhage, is a harbinger of stroke.
Abnormal sensation of limb numbness, except for cervical spondylosis, diabetes, such as headache, dizziness, top-heavy, tongue swelling, etc. “When there is history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes or cerebral arteriosclerosis, it should be morePay more attention to sudden onset or unilateral limb weakness, severe instability, and soon after the remission to cause caution.
“The eyes suddenly blackened, some single eyes suddenly blackened, can’t see things, and returned to normal after a few seconds or tens of seconds. Medically, it is called single-eye black sputum, which is the most common aura of stroke in middle-aged and elderly people.”symptom.
Another sign of stroke is recurrent episodes, dizziness, diminished vision or diplopia.
銆€銆€In addition, there are also warnings about the unexplained decline in the elderly, yawning and so on, which is also a precursor to stroke.
“Because of cerebral arteriosclerosis, causing cerebral vasodilation, motor nerve failure, can produce ataxia and balance disorders, and is prone to fall.
鈥?”Yang Guoan introduced that the middle-aged and elderly people have unclear speech and sudden speech, and the duration is short. The longest time is no more than 24 hours. It should cause perception. There are also unclear discrepancies in the mouth, unclear or excessive tongue.Pay attention to the oblique.Be sure to assess these signs of aura, and take measures as soon as possible to take control measures and go to the hospital for treatment.
銆€銆€Preventive measures Hypertension is the most dangerous factor in the occurrence of stroke, and it is also a central location for prevention of stroke. It should effectively control blood pressure, adhere to long-term medication, and observe changes in blood pressure for a long time.
銆€銆€Controlling blood pressure is a central dialysis. “The majority of patients’ families feel that a stroke is an accident, and in fact it can be prevented.
Li Weiping, vice president of Shenzhen Second People’s Hospital and neurosurgical expert, said that the prevention of stroke is mainly divided into two parts, namely, finding and controlling risk factors.
The main method for finding risk factors is to go to the hospital for regular physical examination screening, which is assisted by a specialist, including blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipids.
Through screening, behavioral guidance or drug intervention can be given to severe patients early, delaying the progression of the disease, reducing the occurrence of stroke and subsequent disability.
銆€銆€Control risk factors to change behavior and quit bad habits.
This includes a healthy diet, eating low-cholesterol, low-sugar diets, etc. “Some eat more crude fiber foods, vegetables and green foods.
“It is also a major factor in cerebrovascular disease to quit bad habits, including smoking, active smoking and passive smoking.”
Bad habits also include excessive drinking. The so-called excessive drinking is more than half a day or a can of beer.